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Posts Tagged ‘Tafsir

Through this surah (revealed in Makkah), Allah directs His servants to contemplate His favours and gifts as well as His great power that is demonstrated by His creating the heavens and the earth and the various types of categories of creatures in them.  Allah the exalted also mentions the favours he bestowed on people of Israel such as revealing the divine books to them, sending them the Messengers and granting them kingship. The proof was sent to them yet they differed among themselves after the proof came to them out of transgression against each other  as mentioned “And indeed We gave the children of Israel the scripture, the understanding of scripture and its laws and the prophethood; and provided with good things ….. Verily, Allah will judge between them on the Day of Resurrection about that wherein they used to differ” (45: 16-17)

Allah also states through this Surah that the believers and the disbelievers are never equal and He will not treat them equally in the present life and in the hereafter. Allah mentions “Worst is the judgement they make .. “(45: 21) meaning that worst is the thought that the disbelievers have a thought about Allah and His judgement  that he will make the pious and the wicked equal in  the hereafter of this life.

This surah also reveals some of the horrors of the day of the resurrection.  Allah mentions that on that day every nation would be kneeling, fearful of the tremendous calamity and events. It was said that this will occur when Hellfire would be brought forth, for she will exhale once and everyone will fall to their knees, including Ibrahim, the Khalil. He will proclaim, ‘Myself, myself, myself! Today, I will not ask you (O Allah) but about myself’. And even Isa will proclaim, ‘Today I will not ask you about Maryam, who gave birth to me’. And when the book of deeds be presented to us, “They will say: ‘Woe to us! What sort of book is this that leaves neither a small thing nor a big thing but has recorded it with numbers!” (18: 49).

It is mentioned that the angels record the deeds of the servant and then ascend to the heavens with them. There, they meet the angels entrusted with the Records  of deeds sent down from Al-Lawh Al-Mahfuz on each Night of Al-Qadr, containing what Allah has written will occur from the servants, long before He created them. They will compare the records and find out that not a single letter was added or deleted. Subhanallah, That is how accurate the recordings of our deeds shall be!

In an authentic Hadith, the prophet S.A.S said, ‘Allah the Exalted said, ‘Glory is My robe and the pride is My garment; whoever rivals Me for either of them, I will make him reside in My fire (Abu Dawood 4:350 and Muslim 4:2023) . Allah is Al-Aziz, who is never resisted or rivaled and Al-Hakim, all wise in His statements, actions, legislations and the decree he appoints. All glory and praise are due to Him, none has the right to be worshipped but He, Alone.

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The mother of Maryam was wife of `Imran, and her name was Hannah bint Faqudh. Muhammad bin Ishaq mentioned that Hannah could not have children and that one day, she saw a bird feeding its chick. She wished she could have children and supplicated to Allah to grant her offspring. Allah accepted her supplication, and when her husband slept with her, she became pregnant. She vowed to make her child concentrate on worship and serving Bayt Al-Maqdis (the Masjid in Jerusalem), when she became aware that she was pregnant she said, “O my Lord! I have vowed to You what is in my womb to be dedicated for Your services, so accept this from me. Verily, You are the All-Hearer, the All-Knowing” (Surah Al-Imran, #35) meaning, You hear my supplication and You know my intention. She did not know then what she would give birth to, a male or a female. ‘Then when she gave birth to her, she said: “O my Lord! I have given birth to a female child, ـ and Allah knew better what she bore. And the male is not like the female“. in strength and the commitment to worship Allah and serve the Masjid in Jerusalem. “And I have named her Maryam” (#36)

Allah states that He has accepted Maryam as a result of her mother’s vow and that ‘He made her grow in a good manner‘ meaning, made her conduct becoming, her mannerism delightful and He made her well liked among people. He also made her accompany the righteous people, so that she learned righteousness, knowledge and religion. ‘And put her under the care of Zakariyya’ meaning, Allah made Zakariyya her sponsor. Allah made Zakariyya Maryam’s guardian for her benefit, so that she would learn from his tremendous knowledge and righteous conduct. He was the husband of her maternal aunt, as Ibn Ishaq and Ibn Jarir stated.

Allah then emphasizes Maryam’s honor and virtue at the place of worship she attended, ‘Every time he entered the Mihrab to (visit) her, he found her supplied with sustenance’, meaning he would find with her the fruits of the summer during winter, and the fruits of the winter during summer.’When Zakariyya would see this; He said: “O Maryam! From where have you gotten this” meaning, where did you get these fruits from ? She said, “This is from Allah.” Verily, Allah provides sustenance to whom He wills, without limit’. (# 37)

Ibn Jarir recorded that `Ikrimah said, “Maryam’s mother left with Maryam, carrying her in her infant cloth, and took her to the rabbis from the offspring of Aaron, the brother of Musa. They were responsible for taking care of Bayt Al-Maqdis (the Masjid) at that time, just as there were those who took care of the Ka`bah. Maryam’s mother said to them, `Take this child whom I vowed [to serve the Masjid], I have set her free, since she is my daughter, for no menstruating woman should enter the Masjid, and I shall not take her back home.’ They said, `She is the daughter of our Imam,’ as `Imran used to lead them in prayer, `who took care of our sacrificial rituals.’ Zakariyya said, `Give her to me, for her maternal aunt is my wife.’ They said, `Our hearts cannot bear that you take her, for she is the daughter of our Imam.’ So they conducted a lottery with the pens with which they wrote the Tawrah, and Zakariyya won the lottery and took Maryam into his care.”’. `Ikrimah, As-Suddi, Qatadah, Ar-Rabi` bin Anas, and several others said that the rabbis went into the Jordan river and conducted a lottery there, deciding to throw their pens into the river. The pen that remained afloat and idle would indicate that its owner would take care of Maryam. When they threw their pens into the river, the water took all the pens under, except Zakariyya’s pen, which remained afloat in its place. Zakariyya was also their master, chief, scholar, Imam and Prophet, may Allah’s peace and blessings be on him and the rest of the Prophets.

Part II: Coming soon inshallah

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Allah said, ‘And such things that came down at Babylon to the two angels, Harut and Marut, but neither of these two (angels) taught anyone (such things) till they had said, “We are for trial, so disbelieve not (by learning this magic from us).” And from these (angels) people learn that by which they cause separation between man and his wife‘ (Surah Al Bakhara, # 102)

Abu Ja`far Ar-Razi said that Ar-Rabi’ bin Anas said that Qays bin `Abbad said that Ibn `Abbas said, “When someone came to the angels to learn magic, they would discourage him and say to him, `We are only a test, so do not fall into disbelief.’ They had knowledge of what is good and evil and what constitutes belief or disbelief, and they thus knew that magic is a form of disbelief. When the person who came to learn magic still insisted on learning it, they commanded him to go to such and such place, where if he went, Satan would meet him and teach him magic. When this man would learn magic, the light (of faith) would depart him, and he would see it shining (and flying away) in the sky. He would then proclaim, `O my sorrow! Woe unto me! What should I do.” Al-Hasan Al-Basri said that this Ayah means, “The angels were sent with magic, so that the people whom Allah willed would be tried and tested. Allah made them promise that they would not teach anyone until first proclaiming, `We are a test for you, do not fall into disbelief.”’ It was recorded by Ibn Abi Hatim. Also, Qatadah said, “Allah took their covenant to not teach anyone magic until they said, `We are a test. Therefore, do not fall in disbelief.”’

Also, As-Suddi said, “When a man would come to the two angels they would advise him, `Do not fall into disbelief. We are a test. ‘ When the man would ignore their advice, they would say, `Go to that pile of ashes and urinate on it.’ When he would urinate on the ashes, a light, meaning the light of faith, would depart from him and would shine until it entered heaven. Then something black that appeared to be smoke would descend and enter his ears and the rest of his body, and this is Allah’s anger. When he told the angels what happened, they would teach him magic. So Allah’s statement, ‘But neither of these two (angels) taught anyone (such things) till they had said, “We are for trial, so disbelieve not (by learning this magic from us.‘ (Surah Al Bakhara, # 102)

Magic existed before Prophet Solomon. Beforehand, the devils used to ascend to heaven and eavesdrop on the conversations of the angels about what will occur on the earth regarding death, other incidents or unseen matters. They would convey this news to the soothsayers, and the soothsayers would in turn convey the news to the people. The people would believe what the soothsayers told them as being true. When the soothsayers trusted the devils, the devils started to lie to them and added other words to the true news that they heard, to the extent of adding seventy false words to each true word. The people recorded these words in some books. Soon after, the Children of Israel said that the Jinns know matters of the Unseen. When Solomon was sent as a Prophet, he collected these books in a box and buried it under his throne; any devil that dared get near the box was burned. Solomon said, `I will not hear of anyone who says that the devils know the Unseen, but I will cut off his head.’ When Solomon died and the scholars who knew the truth about Solomon perished, there came another generation. To them, the devil materialized in the shape of a human and said to some of the Children of Israel, `Should I lead you to a treasure that you will never be able to use up’ They said. `Yes.’ He said, `Dig under this throne,’ and he went with them and showed them Solomon’s throne. They said to him, `Come closer.’ He said, `No. I will wait for you here, and if you do not find the treasure then kill me. ‘ They dug and found the buried books, and Satan said to them, `Solomon only controlled the humans, devils and birds with this magic.’ Thereafter, the news that Solomon was a sorcerer spread among the people, and the Children of Israel adopted these books. When Muhammad came, they disputed with him relying on these books. Hence Allah’s statement, ‘Sulayman did not disbelieve, but the Shayatin (devils) disbelieved'(Surah Al-Bakhara, # 102).

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The best thing about reading various Islamic books, is it opens us to knowledge, allowing us to know things we were unaware of beforehand. It all starts with curiosity, taking form of Genuine Interest, and ultimately leading to Knowledge. I at-first used to read only Novels, then slowly started exploring the Islamic book-shelf and made my way through them. I must say, I enjoy knowing new things, and sharing them with my family and then with my friends here. Added bonus is I am working towards a good cause, as it is said, Every Muslim has to share his knowledge with others, helping others know about Islam, along with learning from them too.

I have been reading the Transliteration of Surah Al-Layl # 92 in Holy Quran. I came across a interesting Hadith/Truth. I am pretty sure many of us here haven’t heard of it yet. When i first read it, I couldn’t understand it properly, as this was something very New for me, When i discussed it with Z(as i always do) ,He helped me understand it.

Al-Bukhari recorded from Ali bin Abi Talib that they(companions) were with the Messenger of Allah S.A.S at the cemetery of Baqi Al-Gharqad for a funeral when the prophet S.A.S said, “There isnt none among you – or is not a single soul(that has been created)- expect that his place has already been writen, a seat in Paradise and a seat in the Hellfire”. They said. ‘O Allah’s Messenger! Should we depend on what has been written for us and give up performing deeds? For whoever of us is of the people of happiness(Paradise) or Misery(Hell), he will always remain among the people of Happiness and Misery respectively.’ The prophet S.A.S replied, ‘Perform deeds for everyone will have the deeds of what he was created for(Paradise or Hell) made easy for him’. Then he recited the Ayat *As for Him who gives and has Taqwa, and believes in Al-Husna. We will make smooth for him the path of ease. But he who is greedy and thinks himself self-sufficient, and denies Al-Husna. We will make smooth for him the path to evil* V.92:5-10.

So, What is to be understood out of this is, Every human, though already his destiny been predetermined shouldnt give up performing good deeds and claiming a place in Paradise. If (inauzubillah) I am predetermined to be among the people who have led astray and have a place reserved for me in Hell-fire, I can change my destiny choosing to be among the people guided by Allah, then Allah will make that path easy for me and I will inshallah eventually earn a place in Paradise.

How true are Allah’s words. May Allah help us strive towards good deeds, and make us among people who have earned Allah’s help and mercy. Ameen.

Revealed in Mecca

Al-Bukhari recorded from Ibn Abbas that the prophet S.A.S went out to the valley of Al-Batha and he ascended the mountain. Then he cried out, (O people, come at once!)  So the Quraysh gathered around him.  Then he said, (If I told you all that the enemy was going to attack you in the morning, or in the evening, would you all believe me) They replied, “Yes.” Then he said, (Verily, I am a warner (sent) to you all before the coming of a severe torment.) Then Abu Lahab said, “Have you gathered us for this May you perish!” Thus, Allah revealed, (Perish the two hands of Abu Lahab and perish he!)  The first part of the Ayat is a supplication against him and the second part is an information about him.

It has been mentioned from Ibn Mas`ud that when the Messenger of Allah called his people to faith, Abu Lahab said, “Even if what my nephew says is true, I will ransom myself (i.e., save myself) from the painful torment on the Day of Judgement with my wealth and my children.” Thus, Allah revealed, (His wealth and his children will not benefit him!) Then Allah says, (He will enter a Fire full of flames!) meaning, it has flames, evil and severe burning.

A Story of Abu Lahab’s Wife harming the Messenger of Allah

(Perish the two hands of Abu Lahab and perish he!) to the end of the Surah. In another narration it states that he stood up dusting of his hands and said, “Perish you for the rest of this day! Have you gathered us for this” Then Allah revealed,

Ibn Abi Hatim said that his father and Abu Zur’ah both said that Abdullah bin Az-Zubayr Al-Humaydi told them that Sufyan informed them that Al-Walid bin Kathir related from Ibn Tadrus who reported that Asma bint Abi Bakr said, “When
<Perish the two hands of Abu Lahab and perish he!>
was revealed, the one eyed Umm Jamil bint Harb came out wailing, and she had a stone in her hand. She was saying, ‘He criticizes our father, and his religion is our scorn, and his command is to disobey us’. The Messenger of Allah S.A.S was sitting in the Masjid of Ka’bah and Abu Bakr was with him. When Abu Bakr saw her he said, ‘O Messenger of Allah! She is coming and I fear that she will see you.’ The Messenger of Allah S.A.S replied,
<<Verily. she will not see me>>
Then he recited some of the Quran as a protection for himself. This is as Allah says
<And when you recite the Quran. We put between you and those who believe not in the hereafter, an invisible veil> (17:45) .
So she advanced until she was standing infront of Abu Bakr and she did not see the Messenger of Allah S.A.S, she then said, ‘O Abu Bakr! Verily, I have heard that your friend os making defamatory poetry about me.’ Abu Bakr replied, ‘Nay! By the Lord of House, he is not defaming you’. So she turned away saying, ‘Indeed the Quraysh know that I am the daughter of their leader.’

Source : Tafsir by Ibn Kathir

P.S: This is in reference to the last hadith posted by me, It has been brought to my notice that the hadith posted isnt an authentic one. I sincerely apologise to you all, and even assure you that everything except that hadith is authentic and will remain the same in future inshallah. May Allah forgive my mistake.

Revealed in Makkah

The reason for the revelation of this Surah as by Ikhrimah is ” When the Jew said, ‘We worship Uzayr,the son of Allah, and the Christians said,’We worships the Messiah, the son of Allah, and the Zoroastrians said,’We worship the sun and the moon, and the idolators said, ‘We worship idols’, ‘Allah revealed to HIS Messenger S.A.S – “Say , He is Allah, One” (Surah Al-Ikhlas)meaning He is the one, the singular. Who has no peer, no assistant, no rival, no equal  and none comparable to HIM. This word Al-Ahad cannot be used for anyone in affirmation except Allah the Mighty and Majestic, because HE is perfect in all HIS attributes and actions.

 

Al-Bukhari recorded from Abu-Sa’id , may Allah be pleased with him, that the Messenger of Allah S.A.S said to his companions, “Is anyone of you not able to recite a third of the Quran in a single night ?” .This was something which was difficult for them and they said, ‘Which of us is able to do that, O Messenger of Allah?’ So He replied, ” Allah is the One, As- Samad (Surah Al-Ikhlaas)” is a Third of the Quran.

Imam Malik bin Anas recorded from ‘Ubayd bin Hunayn that he heard Abu Hurayrah saying, ‘I went out with prophet S.A.S and he heard a man reciting ‘Say : He is Allah, the One.; So the Messenger of Allah said, “It is obligatory”. I asked, ‘What is obligatory ?’ He replied, “Paradise

Al-Bukhari recorded from Aishah R.A.A that whenever the prophet S.A.S would go to bed every night, he would put his hands together and blow into them. Then he would recite into them Suarah Al-Ikhlaas, Sarah Al-Falaq and Surah An-Nas. Then He would wipe whatever He was able to of His body with His hands. He would begin wiping His head and face with them and the front part of His body. He would do this for three times.

Abdullah ibn Imam Ahmad recorded from Mu’adh bin Abdullah bin Khubayb , who reported that his father said,’ We became thirsty and it became dark while we were waiting for the Messenger of Allah S.A.S to lead us in prayers. Then, when he came out he took me by my hand and said, “Say”, Then He was silent. Then he said again, “Say” So i asked, ‘What should i say?’ He said, ” Say: He is Allah, the One, and the other two surahs of refuge ( Al-Falaq and An-Nas) when you enter upon evening and the morning three times each. They will be sufficient for you two times every day.”

Source: Tafsir Ibn Kathir


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