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To understand what my title means one should understand that we, humans are made of two different components. We have a Body and a Ruh (English translation: soul), Body made of dirt and soil and Ruh is the special light delivered within our mother’s womb by angels following Allah’s commandment. When a women enters the 120th day (4 months) of  her pregnancy, Allah SWT sends down an angel to write down four things: He is ordered to write down his (i.e. the new creature’s) deeds, his livelihood, his (date of) death, and whether he will be blessed or wretched (in religion). Then the soul is breathed into him (Sahih Al-Bukhari: Volume 4, Book 54, Number 430)

The majesty of Allah is such that He created Ruh of every single one of Adam’s progeny,  long before he made the bodies and gathered us all as our Ruh’s minus the body and took a covenant form us. Every single one of us agreed that Allah is our creator and gave him the covenant that we wont be setting up rivals against Him and bore witness to him as our creator (Surah # 7, Verse # 172).  And what did we do when the Ruh was deposited into our respective bodies? We deny Allah as being our creator and we question His presence?

We spend a BIG portion of our life running after worldly needs and trying our best to fulfil bodily needs and wants. We invest so much of our time and efforts into quenching our bodily desires and needs that we completely ignore to feed and strengthen the other component of our creation – our Ruh! We end up dehydrating and weakening our Ruh, thereby leading many of us to question Allah and His presence. ‘How do you know that there is a God?’, ‘Prove to me that there is but a God!’ – could perhaps be the best philosophical and atheist questions; the answer to which is one simple fact – But, You all did know .. All of us bore witness to this fact a long time ago. The only crucial difference being that you forgot!

Ramadhan is that magnificent month when we actually cater to the needs of our Ruh and nourish it. Since Ruh was created by Allah and delivered to us by Allah, Allah also provided with the proper nourishment for our Ruh – The Quran. Notice the amazing coincidence that Allah SWT arranged for the food for our Ruh to be delivered to us for the first time in the same month of Ramadhan, This was the month when Quran was revealed to the mankind.We restrain ourself from fulfilling the bodily needs during Ramadhan, giving us an excellent opportunity to devote time and attention to nourish and strengthen our Ruh inshallah. Therefore, Tarawee is a crucial component of Ramadhan where the recitation of Quran, its understanding enriches our Ruh and our faith in Allah SWT.

May Allah help us make the best out of this month and ease our sorrow and pain and grant us happiness and peace. Ameen
Ramadhan Mubarak

Inspired by Nouman Ali Khan’s lecture series on Ramadhan

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Narrated Aisha R.A.A, The mother of faithful believers: The commencement of the divine revelations to Allah’s Messenger S.A.S was in the form of good righteous (true) dreams which came true like bright daylight, and then the love of seclusion was bestowed upon him. He used to go in seclusion n the cave of Hira where he used to worship (Allah Alone) continuously for many nights before returning to his family. He used to take with him the journey food for the stay and then come home back to his wife Khadija to take his food likewise again till suddenly the Truth descended upon him while he was in the cave of Hira. The angel came to him and asked him to read. The prophet S.A.S replied, ‘I do not know how to read’.

The prophet S.A.S added, ‘ Then the angel caught me (forcefully) and pressed me so hard that I could not bear it any more. He then released me and again asked me to read and I replied, ‘ I do not know how to read’. Thereupon he caught me again and pressed me a second  time till I could not bear it any more. He then released me and asked me again to read but I again replied, ‘I do not know how to read’. Thereupon he caught me for the third time and pressed me and then released me and said, ‘Read in the Name of your Lord, Who has created (all that exists). Has created man from a clot (a piece of thick coagulated blood). Read! And your Lord is the Most generous,(V.96:1-3). Then Allah Messenger S.A.S returned with the revelation and his heart beating severely. Then he came to Khadijah bint khuwalid R.A.A and said, ‘Cover me! Cover me!’ They covered him till his fear was over and after that he told khadijah R.A.A everything that happened (And said), I fear that something may happen to me’. Khadijah replied, ‘ Nerver! By Allah, Allah will never disgrace you. You keep good relations with your kith and kin, help the poor and the destitute, serve your guests generously and assist the deserving calamity-afflicted ones.’

Khadijah R.A.A then accompanied him to her cousin Waraqa bin Naufal bin Asad bin Abdul Uzza, who during the period of ignorance became a christian and used to write the writings with Hebrew letters. He would write from the Gospel in Hebrew as much as Allah wished him to write. He was an old man and had lost his eyesight. Khadijah said to Waraqa,’Listen to the story of your nephew, O my cousin!’ Waraqa said, ‘O my nephew, what have you seen?’ Allah’s Messenger described whatever he had seen. Warqa said, ‘This is the same one(angel, i.e. Jibril) whom Allah has sent to Musa. I wish I were young and could live up to the time when your people would turn you out’. Allah’s Messenger asked, ‘Will they drive me out?’ Waraqa replied in affirmative and added, ‘Anyone who came with something similar to what you have brought was treated with hostility; and if I should remain alive till the day then I would support you strongly,. But after a few days Waraqa died and the divine revelations was also paused for a while.

Narrated Jabir bin Abdullah Al-Ansari while talking about the period of pause in revelation, reported the speech of the prophet S.A.S. While i was walking, all of a sudden I heard a voice from the sky. I looked up and saw the same angel, who had visited me at the cave of Hira, sitting on a chair between the sky and the earth. I got scared of him and came back home and said, ‘Wrap me(in a blanket).’ And then Allah revealed the following Holy verses of Quran: ‘O you(Muhammad S.A.S) envoled(in garments)! Arise and warn … (upto you) and keep away from Ar-Rujz(the idols)! {V.74:1-5}. After this the revelations started coming strongly and frequently in succession one after the other. (Sahih Al Bukhari, #3 &4).

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Through this surah (revealed in Makkah), Allah directs His servants to contemplate His favours and gifts as well as His great power that is demonstrated by His creating the heavens and the earth and the various types of categories of creatures in them.  Allah the exalted also mentions the favours he bestowed on people of Israel such as revealing the divine books to them, sending them the Messengers and granting them kingship. The proof was sent to them yet they differed among themselves after the proof came to them out of transgression against each other  as mentioned “And indeed We gave the children of Israel the scripture, the understanding of scripture and its laws and the prophethood; and provided with good things ….. Verily, Allah will judge between them on the Day of Resurrection about that wherein they used to differ” (45: 16-17)

Allah also states through this Surah that the believers and the disbelievers are never equal and He will not treat them equally in the present life and in the hereafter. Allah mentions “Worst is the judgement they make .. “(45: 21) meaning that worst is the thought that the disbelievers have a thought about Allah and His judgement  that he will make the pious and the wicked equal in  the hereafter of this life.

This surah also reveals some of the horrors of the day of the resurrection.  Allah mentions that on that day every nation would be kneeling, fearful of the tremendous calamity and events. It was said that this will occur when Hellfire would be brought forth, for she will exhale once and everyone will fall to their knees, including Ibrahim, the Khalil. He will proclaim, ‘Myself, myself, myself! Today, I will not ask you (O Allah) but about myself’. And even Isa will proclaim, ‘Today I will not ask you about Maryam, who gave birth to me’. And when the book of deeds be presented to us, “They will say: ‘Woe to us! What sort of book is this that leaves neither a small thing nor a big thing but has recorded it with numbers!” (18: 49).

It is mentioned that the angels record the deeds of the servant and then ascend to the heavens with them. There, they meet the angels entrusted with the Records  of deeds sent down from Al-Lawh Al-Mahfuz on each Night of Al-Qadr, containing what Allah has written will occur from the servants, long before He created them. They will compare the records and find out that not a single letter was added or deleted. Subhanallah, That is how accurate the recordings of our deeds shall be!

In an authentic Hadith, the prophet S.A.S said, ‘Allah the Exalted said, ‘Glory is My robe and the pride is My garment; whoever rivals Me for either of them, I will make him reside in My fire (Abu Dawood 4:350 and Muslim 4:2023) . Allah is Al-Aziz, who is never resisted or rivaled and Al-Hakim, all wise in His statements, actions, legislations and the decree he appoints. All glory and praise are due to Him, none has the right to be worshipped but He, Alone.

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Perhaps the first Messenger to be sent upon this earth – Noah A.S. Allah S.W.T mentions his story and the story of his people, and how He sent to them His punishment of flood to those who rejected his call. He also mentions how He rescued people believing in Him in an Ark in different chapters of the Quran.

Noah A.S was sent during the times when people started worshiping idols other than Allah S.W.T, Following the saddening of people on the death of a few pious people, Satan whispered in their ears to erect statues in their memory to remind them to become just as pious as them, Sensing the people’s affection over those dead people Satan further worked his way in people’s head and encouraged them to build a statue each in their homes. But the idols/statues weren’t worshiped until a new generation among them came and Satan lied to them that their forefathers used to worship them and hence they should too.

Noah A.S was sent with a mission of inviting people back to Islam and hence giving them a chance of saving themselves from earning the wrath of Allah S.W.T, He carried on his mission through different means, for days and nights, in private and public. But none of the means succeeded. He was rather accused by his people for inventing falsehood and dishonoring their idols. “.. He lived among them one thousand years less fifty, then the flood seized them..‘ (29:14). After such a long time too, only a few believed in him and his message. And it was then revealed to Noah: ‘No more of your people shall believe in you other than those who have already believed, so grieve no longer at their misdeeds. Construct the Ark under our eyes and as Our Revelation, and address me no further on behalf of those who have been unjust; they shall be drowned in the flood. (11:36-37)

Noah A.S as per Allah S.W.T’s command started constructing an ark to save him and the believers from the flood Allah promised to send to destroy all non-believers. Allah S.W.T commanded him to build the ark eighty yards in length, and to paint it with tar inside and out, and its bow to be curved, so it could easily sail in the water. It was a three-story deck ship, every deck with a height of 10 yards, the bottom deck was kept for animals and cattle, the middle deck was for human, and the upper deck was for birds. All along people ridiculed Noah A.S walking by the ark, Noah A.S remained patient and cautioned them  and asked them to fear the day of flood while he might be one smiling and not them.

It is said that from Noah A.S’s family, there were Noah A.S himself, his three sons, with his four daughter-in-law together with wife of Yam who did not believe in Noah A.S and hence never boarded the ark. Ibn Jarir has mentioned that the flood came on the 13th August in Coptic year, A group of exegetes hold the opinion that the water went 15 feet above the highest mountain of the earth, while others believe that the water was eighty yards above the highest mountain. This flood destroyed every thing and being as a result and when no non-believer remained. Allah S.W.T commanded the earth to swallow up the water and commanded the heaven to ceases raining. Those who did not pay heed to the message brought by Noah A.S met their ill-fate as such. Noah A.S’s son Yam drowned in the flood too as he never believed in the message brought down by his father.Therefore, none were left except the believers and they were commanded by Allah S.W.T to descend from the ark onto the mountain Judi when the water seeped away in the ground.

When death approached Noah A.S, his last advice to his children and hence us all was to follow two things – keeping one’s belief in Allah S.W.T oneness & knowing that when seven heavens and earths were to to put together in one side of the scale and ‘La ilaha illallah’ was to be put in the other, the latter outweighs the former and forbade us all from two things – Shirk (adjoining partners to Allah S.W.T) and haughtiness.

Gathered from Stories of the Prophets by Ibn Kathir.

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Collected and written below are some of the ways through which few sins can be expatiated against. These dua’s confirm to the fact that Islam is the easiest religion to follow, wherein a person having committed a sea full of sins still is given a hope of entering Jannah (Paradise) by reciting a few Quranic verses or dua’s with heart-felt regret , shame and Imaan (faith) in Allah’s promise.
Please note that this is a continuation of my earlier post on actions that may help in forgiveness of sins committed by a person. And that Kafaarah translates to expatiation.

Kaffaarah for committing sexual intercourse while fasting in Ramadhan: Narrated by Abu Hurairah R.A.A: ‘While we were sitting with the prophet S.A.S a man came and said, ‘O Allah’s Messenger! I have been ruined.’ Prophet S.A.S asked what was the matter with him. He replied ‘I had sexual intercourse with my wife while I was fasting’ Prophet S.A.S asked him, ‘Can you afford to manumit a slave?’ He replied in negative. Prophet S.A.S then asked ‘ Can you fast for two consecutive months?’ He replied in negative. The Prophet S.A.S asked ‘ Can you afford to feed 60 poor people?’ He replied in negative again. The Prophet S.A.S remained silent for a while and while he was in his stake, a big basket full of dates was brought to Prophet S.A.S. He asked ‘Where is the questioner?’ He replied, ‘I am here’. The Prophet S.A.S said ‘Take this and give in charity’. The man said ‘Should I give it to a person poorer than I? By Allah; there is no family between Madinah’s two mountains who are poorer than I’. The Prophet S.A.S smiled and replied, ‘Feed your family with it’. (Bukhari)

Kaffaraah of Zihar: Narrated by Khuwalyah, daughter of Malik bin Tha’labah R.A.A: ‘My husband Aws bin As-Samit pronounced the words: ‘You are like a mother to me’. So I came to the Porphet S.A.S complaining to him about my husband. The Messenger of Allah S.A.S disputed with me and said ‘Remain dutiful to Allah, he is your cousin’. I continued complaining until the Quranic verse came down : Allah has heard the words of her who disputes with you concerning her husband .. (Al-Mujaadalah (58):1) till the prescription of expaition. He then said, ‘He should set a slave free’. She said, ‘He cannot afford it’.He then said, ‘He should fast for two consecutive months’. She said, ‘Messenger of Allah S.A.S he is an old man; he cannot keep fasts. he said ‘He should then feed sixty poor people’. She said, ‘He has nothing with which he may give in alms’. At that moment an Araq (basket containing sixty Sa’s of dates) was brought to him. I said, ‘I shall help him with another date-basket. He said ‘You have done well. Go and feed sixty poor people on his behalf and return to your cousin’. (Abu Dawood)

Kaffarah for Violating Hajj: Allah S.W.T says: ‘And perform properly, the Hajj and the Umrah for Allah, But if you are prevented (from completing them), sacrifice a Hady(animal i.e. sheep, a cow, a camel etc) such as you can afford, and do not shave your heads until the Hady reaches the place of sacrifice. And whoever of you is ill or has an ailment in his scalp (necessiating shaving), he must pay a Fidyah (ransom) of either observing Sawm (fast – three days) or giving Sadaqah (charity – feeding 6 poor people) or offering sacrifice (one sheep)…’. (Al-Baraqah (2):196)

Kafaarah of hunting while in Ihram or sacred places: Allah says: O you who believe! Kill not game when you are in a state of Ihram for Hajj or Umrah and whoever of you kills it intentionally, the penalty is offering, brought to Ka’bah of an eatable animal equivalent to the one he killed as adjusted by two just men among you; for expiation, he should feed Muskimeen or its equivalent in Sawmm that he may taste the heaviness (punishment) of his deed. Allah has forgiven what is past, but whoever commits it again; Allah will take retribution from him. And Allah is All-Mighty, All Able Of Retribution‘ (Al-Maa’idah (5):95)

Allah S.W.T is great, the most merciful and bountiful. May Allah help safeguard us all against shaitan’s ill whisperings and his plots and make us all do deeds acceptable of Islam and follow the path described in Quran and followed by Prophet S.A.S. Ameen.

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It is mostly encouraged that good deeds be followed by bad deeds, more appropriately that the good deeds be of the same nature as the bad deeds, for that is the most effective in cancellation. Now, such a statement does not encourage bad deeds but rather consoles that the bad deeds can be erased off by good deeds. Imagine  a situation where a person wronged himself/herself in the eyes of Allah by committing a sin, what now? How would the person recompensated for the sin? Make no mistake, for it can be done; through the following things –

I) Tawbah: Tawbah meaning repentance, is an act of seeking forgiveness of Allah S.W.T from a sin or sins (major) committed through the fulfillment of certain condition as follows:

  • An immediate stop to the committing of the sinful act(s).
  • A genuine regret, from the heart, at committing the sinful act(s).
  • Have a firm intention/resolve not to repeat the act of sin(s).
  • If the act of sin is related to violating the rights of another person, then redress the compensation of the damage/loss inflicted on that person. Example: If a person stole something from someone, the repentance is not complete until he returns the stolen goods to the rightful owner
  • Repentance must be before the time of death, if it to be accepted.

II) Istighfaar:Istighfaar meaning seeking forgiveness, is a way of asking Allah S.W.T for pardon for a minor or a major sin committed without necessarily fulfilling the conditions stated above. Istighfaar could also be done without repentance, for Allah does forgive in answer to one’s supplication even if he has not repented; however if repentance and forgiveness are combined then such a situation is ideal.

III) Good and correct actions which are Kaffaarat: Kafaaraat means expiation of sins. The kaffaarat is of two types

  • Specified Kaffaarat: These are the actions on which Sharee’ah has fixed an expiation. Examples of such Kaffaraat are those for committing intercourse while fasting in Ramadaan, for saying to one’s wife, ‘You are like a mother to me’, for violating certain prohibitions during Hajj or leaving some of its obligations or for killing game in Haram. All of these have established alloted ways to expiate sins, of four types: sacrifice, freeing a slave, charity and fasting.
  • General Kaffaraat: Hudhaifa R.A.A said to Umar R.A.A: ‘Fitnah (afflictions) are caused to a man due to his family, wealth and children; so prayer, fasting, charity, enjoying goodness and forbidding evil wipes this out. Also, five daily prayers, Friday prayer, fasting, Hajj and other actions expiate sin, regarding which it is said, ‘whoever says such-and-such or does such-and-such then he is forgiven or his previous sins are forgiven.

I will inshallah expand further on Specified and General Kaffaraat in the next part of this post since my aim is to distribute knowledge such that the interest of reading something isnt altered by the length of the post.

As seen from ‘The Golden Advice Series’ by Darussalam Publications.

Actions aiding forgiveness of Sins – Part II

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The mother of Maryam was wife of `Imran, and her name was Hannah bint Faqudh. Muhammad bin Ishaq mentioned that Hannah could not have children and that one day, she saw a bird feeding its chick. She wished she could have children and supplicated to Allah to grant her offspring. Allah accepted her supplication, and when her husband slept with her, she became pregnant. She vowed to make her child concentrate on worship and serving Bayt Al-Maqdis (the Masjid in Jerusalem), when she became aware that she was pregnant she said, “O my Lord! I have vowed to You what is in my womb to be dedicated for Your services, so accept this from me. Verily, You are the All-Hearer, the All-Knowing” (Surah Al-Imran, #35) meaning, You hear my supplication and You know my intention. She did not know then what she would give birth to, a male or a female. ‘Then when she gave birth to her, she said: “O my Lord! I have given birth to a female child, ـ and Allah knew better what she bore. And the male is not like the female“. in strength and the commitment to worship Allah and serve the Masjid in Jerusalem. “And I have named her Maryam” (#36)

Allah states that He has accepted Maryam as a result of her mother’s vow and that ‘He made her grow in a good manner‘ meaning, made her conduct becoming, her mannerism delightful and He made her well liked among people. He also made her accompany the righteous people, so that she learned righteousness, knowledge and religion. ‘And put her under the care of Zakariyya’ meaning, Allah made Zakariyya her sponsor. Allah made Zakariyya Maryam’s guardian for her benefit, so that she would learn from his tremendous knowledge and righteous conduct. He was the husband of her maternal aunt, as Ibn Ishaq and Ibn Jarir stated.

Allah then emphasizes Maryam’s honor and virtue at the place of worship she attended, ‘Every time he entered the Mihrab to (visit) her, he found her supplied with sustenance’, meaning he would find with her the fruits of the summer during winter, and the fruits of the winter during summer.’When Zakariyya would see this; He said: “O Maryam! From where have you gotten this” meaning, where did you get these fruits from ? She said, “This is from Allah.” Verily, Allah provides sustenance to whom He wills, without limit’. (# 37)

Ibn Jarir recorded that `Ikrimah said, “Maryam’s mother left with Maryam, carrying her in her infant cloth, and took her to the rabbis from the offspring of Aaron, the brother of Musa. They were responsible for taking care of Bayt Al-Maqdis (the Masjid) at that time, just as there were those who took care of the Ka`bah. Maryam’s mother said to them, `Take this child whom I vowed [to serve the Masjid], I have set her free, since she is my daughter, for no menstruating woman should enter the Masjid, and I shall not take her back home.’ They said, `She is the daughter of our Imam,’ as `Imran used to lead them in prayer, `who took care of our sacrificial rituals.’ Zakariyya said, `Give her to me, for her maternal aunt is my wife.’ They said, `Our hearts cannot bear that you take her, for she is the daughter of our Imam.’ So they conducted a lottery with the pens with which they wrote the Tawrah, and Zakariyya won the lottery and took Maryam into his care.”’. `Ikrimah, As-Suddi, Qatadah, Ar-Rabi` bin Anas, and several others said that the rabbis went into the Jordan river and conducted a lottery there, deciding to throw their pens into the river. The pen that remained afloat and idle would indicate that its owner would take care of Maryam. When they threw their pens into the river, the water took all the pens under, except Zakariyya’s pen, which remained afloat in its place. Zakariyya was also their master, chief, scholar, Imam and Prophet, may Allah’s peace and blessings be on him and the rest of the Prophets.

Part II: Coming soon inshallah

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As salaam alaikum Readers,

This is to assure that all the content seen/ to be see on this blog is authentic inshallah. If anyone wishes to inquire about the references, please write to me. You can do so by filling the contact form in my Question/Reach me page.

Wish you have a good and blessed day, Ameen

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