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The story of Moses is mentioned in many different passages in the Quran, presented here is his life in the light of Quran and Sunnah. Mentioned in Quran ” Ta-Sin-Min. These are the verses of the Manifest book. We relate to you the story of Moses and Pharoah in truth, for people to believe … to show Pharoah and Haman and their soldiers what they were dreading from them” (28:1-6). The people of Israel were the best people of that time, but Pharoah exploited them and dealt with them with injustice. He used to kill their males and spared the women. The reason behind this evil practice was the beliefs of Israelites that there will come a child from the progeny of Abraham, who will destroy the kingdom of Pharoah. Suddi has narrated from Ibn Abbas and other companions: Pharoah had a dream, that a fire came from the direction of Jerusalem and burnt all the Coptic people and their houses, and did not harm Israelites. When he woke up, he was frightened of his dream. He gathered all priests, soothsayers and sorcerers and asked them the interpretation of his dream. They said, ‘There will be born a boy from these people, who will destroy the people of Egypt’. So pharoah released an order to kill all newborn baby boys and to leave the girls alive.

Many exegete’s said: The  Coptic population complained to Pharoah that Israelites are getting less and less in number, because of killing their boys. Consequently, they were loosing manpower of Israelites and were forced to carry out those works performed by the Israelites. So Pharoah found an economical and socially sound solution, and hence decreed a new order, that from now he would kill the children from one year and then spare to live those born the next year. It is said that Aaron (Moses’s brother) was born in the year of pardon and Moses was born in the year when they were to be killed. When Moses’ mother gave birth to Moses, it was inspired to her that she should make a chest and tie it with a long rope, with the other hand tied with her house. As her house was on the bank of Nile, she should place him in the chest and let the rope lose so it could hide in the reeds in the Nile as mentioned in Surah Al-Qasas, Verse # 7-9. However one day she let the chest go in the Nile, she forgot to tie it with her house. Now the chest went on till it passed by the Pharoah’s place. So “the family of Pharoah picked him up, that Moses should be to them an adversary and a cause of sorrow. Surely, Pharoah, Haman and their soldiers were sinners (28: 8).

The moment Asiyah (Pharoah’s wife) looks at the baby Moses, she falls in love with him. She asks Pharoah to spare Moses as a gift to her  further adding that “He may be of use to us or we may take him as a son” (28:9) since they never had any children of their own.   Once Moses was taken inside Pharoah’s palace and they wanted to keep him, they looked for someone who could foster the child. However, he did not feed from any foster mother, neither did he eat any food from any one. They became helpless as Allah has said “And We ordained that he would refuse to be suckled by any foster mother” (28: 12). When Moses was escorted to the market with midwives to search for someone to suckle him, they were spotted by Moses’ sister and without giving nay hint that she was his sister, directed them to Moses’ mother. His mother took him and out him to his breasts. He immediately started suckling making them all overjoyed and relieved. Asiyah immediately calls for her and accepts her proposal of letting Moses stay with her to be suckled and fed. So Moses mother happily returned with her son to her home. Allah said, “Thus We did return him to his mother that her eye may be delighted and she is not grieved, and that she would know that the promise of Allah is true, but most of them do not know” (28:13)

To be continued inshallah ..

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Allah reveals the story of Zakariyya in Surah Maryam, chapter 19 in the Holy Quran in verses 1-15. Allah reminds mankind of his mercy on his servant Zakariyya. It has been recorded in the Sahih Al-Bukhari that the prophet S.A.S said that Zakariyya was a carpenter who used to eat from what he earned with his own hand through his carpentry. Zakariyya was a really old man, weak and feeble in strength (19:4); the point being not to describe his physical appearance but to inform the extent of his old age and weakness. He had no heir to carry forward his mission and therefore he used to make his supplications secretly (which is more beloved to Allah), he feared his Mawali (relatives) since he was afraid that the generation that would succeed him would be a wicked generation. Thus, he used to ask Allah for a prophet after him, who would guide them with his prophethood and that which was revealed to him.

Allah responded to his supplications by giving him glad tidings of a son to be named Yahya as mentioned: ‘At that time Zakariyya invoked his Lord saying: ‘O my Lord! Grant me from You, a good offspring. You are indeed the All-Hearer of invocation.’ Then the angles called him, while he was standing in prayer in the Mihrab (a private place for worship) saying :’Allah gives you glad tidings of Yahya, confirming (believing in) the word of Allah, noble, keeping away from sexual relations with women, a prophet, from among the righteous (3:38-39). Zakariyya was truly amazed when his supplications was answered and he was given the good news of a son. This is particularly amazing since his wife was an old woman who was barren and had not given birth to any children in her entire life. Even Zakariyya himself had become feeble and thin, and had no potent semen or vigor for sexual intercourse. The following Ayat also informs of the birth of the son from the same barren wife and not any other woman, showing how simple and easy it is for Allah to do so and reminded him of how he and every human is created from nothing in a womb.

Zakriyya then asks Allah to give him a sign (19: 10) and a proof of the existence of that which You have promised me, so that my soul will be at rest and my heart will be at ease with Your promise. Allah replies by saying, ‘Your sign in that you shall not speak unto mankind for three nights, though having no bodily defect‘ (19:10). Meaning that his tongue was prevented from speaking for three nights while he was totally healthy and fit.

Allah in following verses mentions the birth of Yahya as per His promise to Zakariyya. Yahya was blessed with characteristics like knowledge, fortitude, diligence and zeal for good and pirsuit of good, even though he was very young. Then Allah mentions the reward oh Yahya for this, ‘And Salam be on him the day he was born and the day he dies and the day her will be raised up to life‘(16:15). This means that Yahya was granted security and safety in these three circumstances where a man is the loneliest. The first situation is on that day he was born, the second when he dies and he will not see nayone anymore and the third when he will be resurrected and he sees himself in a great gathering. Allah exclusively honors Yahya by granting him peace in these situations.

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Allah reveals the story of the two sons of Adam, Abel and Cain in various verses throughout the Quran. In Chapter 5, verses from 27-31 talk about their story, but the experts/scholars opinion and more commentary on the same subject is being printed below as complied by the Darussalam publication in their book ‘ Stories of the Prophets’. It is mentioned by exegete’s that Adam and Hawwa had in every birth one male child and one female child. They were commanded that every son of them would marry the sister of his brother with whom she was born. No one was allowed to get married with his sister with whom he was born

Abel wanted to get married with the twin sister of his elder brother Cain. But since his twin sister was more beautiful, Cain wanted to keep his twin sister for himself. Adam asked Cain to her with Abel but he refused to do so. Then he ordered them both to offer a sacrifice and left for Makkah to perform Hajj. After Adam had left, both offered their scarifies. Abel  offered a fat lamb since he was a Sheppard. While Cain offered a bundle of worst crops he had grown. A fire came down and devoured the sacrifice of Abel, leaving the sacrifice of Cain untouched. He became angry and started threatening Abel, ‘I will kill you so that you may not marry my sister’. Abel replied, ‘Allah accepts only from those who fear Him’.

One night, Abel did not return from tending his flock. So Adam sent Cain to see what happened to him. When Cain went looking for him, he found him and he complained, ‘Your offering was accepted, but mine was not’. Cain becomes angry in the argument and hits his brother with an iron he holds in his hand thereby killing his brother. The response which Abel showed after he was threatened by his brother is a sign of his noble character and piety. He avoided himself to respond with the same threat which his brother made towards him, as is clear from this verse: ‘Yet if you stretch out your hand against me to kill me, I shall not stretch out my hand to kill you, for I fear Allah, the Lord of the worlds‘. (5: 28)

Narrates Imam Ahmad from Abdullah bin Masud R.A.A who said that prophet S.A.S said, ‘No soul is killed unjustly but the first son of Adam bears a part of that sin. Because he was the first to initiate this tradition of killing‘ (Sahih Al-Bukhari).

As seen at ‘Stories of the Prophets’ by Ibn Kathir.

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