Actions aiding forgiveness of Sins – Part I

Posted on: Monday, December 20, 2010

It is mostly encouraged that good deeds be followed by bad deeds, more appropriately that the good deeds be of the same nature as the bad deeds, for that is the most effective in cancellation. Now, such a statement does not encourage bad deeds but rather consoles that the bad deeds can be erased off by good deeds. Imagine  a situation where a person wronged himself/herself in the eyes of Allah by committing a sin, what now? How would the person recompensated for the sin? Make no mistake, for it can be done; through the following things –

I) Tawbah: Tawbah meaning repentance, is an act of seeking forgiveness of Allah S.W.T from a sin or sins (major) committed through the fulfillment of certain condition as follows:

  • An immediate stop to the committing of the sinful act(s).
  • A genuine regret, from the heart, at committing the sinful act(s).
  • Have a firm intention/resolve not to repeat the act of sin(s).
  • If the act of sin is related to violating the rights of another person, then redress the compensation of the damage/loss inflicted on that person. Example: If a person stole something from someone, the repentance is not complete until he returns the stolen goods to the rightful owner
  • Repentance must be before the time of death, if it to be accepted.

II) Istighfaar:Istighfaar meaning seeking forgiveness, is a way of asking Allah S.W.T for pardon for a minor or a major sin committed without necessarily fulfilling the conditions stated above. Istighfaar could also be done without repentance, for Allah does forgive in answer to one’s supplication even if he has not repented; however if repentance and forgiveness are combined then such a situation is ideal.

III) Good and correct actions which are Kaffaarat: Kafaaraat means expiation of sins. The kaffaarat is of two types

  • Specified Kaffaarat: These are the actions on which Sharee’ah has fixed an expiation. Examples of such Kaffaraat are those for committing intercourse while fasting in Ramadaan, for saying to one’s wife, ‘You are like a mother to me’, for violating certain prohibitions during Hajj or leaving some of its obligations or for killing game in Haram. All of these have established alloted ways to expiate sins, of four types: sacrifice, freeing a slave, charity and fasting.
  • General Kaffaraat: Hudhaifa R.A.A said to Umar R.A.A: ‘Fitnah (afflictions) are caused to a man due to his family, wealth and children; so prayer, fasting, charity, enjoying goodness and forbidding evil wipes this out. Also, five daily prayers, Friday prayer, fasting, Hajj and other actions expiate sin, regarding which it is said, ‘whoever says such-and-such or does such-and-such then he is forgiven or his previous sins are forgiven.

I will inshallah expand further on Specified and General Kaffaraat in the next part of this post since my aim is to distribute knowledge such that the interest of reading something isnt altered by the length of the post.

As seen from ‘The Golden Advice Series’ by Darussalam Publications.

Actions aiding forgiveness of Sins – Part II

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4 Responses to "Actions aiding forgiveness of Sins – Part I"

good effort, keep it up

I like the subject. Allah Khabir

Iqrar .. Jazakallahu khairun, Good to have you visit my humble blog.

Ismail .. Me too,

Sharing my thoughts on the subject of forgiveness…
Alhamdulilah, Allah forgives. I would never initially judge another brother or sister. I get extremely frustrated when I run into people who profess to be Muslims but they make no effort to follow what the Quran tells us to do and Sunnah teaches.
I only see things in terms of right and wrong. I meet many Muslims who live their lives operate outside what is allowed. My opinion has been referred to as extreme but is doing your best to follow the Quran extreme, i.e. attending regular Juma Prayers, eating Halal, etc.?
When you consistently commit haram, never truly repenting, is there forgiveness? I know only Allah knows if one truly repents. I make my argument based a person’s actions. Are these people, even if they were born in a Muslim nation, are they really Muslims? I ask because I thought the word Muslim meant “One that submits their will to Allah”.

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