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Surah Tabbat

Posted on: Wednesday, March 12, 2008

Revealed in Mecca

Al-Bukhari recorded from Ibn Abbas that the prophet S.A.S went out to the valley of Al-Batha and he ascended the mountain. Then he cried out, (O people, come at once!)  So the Quraysh gathered around him.  Then he said, (If I told you all that the enemy was going to attack you in the morning, or in the evening, would you all believe me) They replied, “Yes.” Then he said, (Verily, I am a warner (sent) to you all before the coming of a severe torment.) Then Abu Lahab said, “Have you gathered us for this May you perish!” Thus, Allah revealed, (Perish the two hands of Abu Lahab and perish he!)  The first part of the Ayat is a supplication against him and the second part is an information about him.

It has been mentioned from Ibn Mas`ud that when the Messenger of Allah called his people to faith, Abu Lahab said, “Even if what my nephew says is true, I will ransom myself (i.e., save myself) from the painful torment on the Day of Judgement with my wealth and my children.” Thus, Allah revealed, (His wealth and his children will not benefit him!) Then Allah says, (He will enter a Fire full of flames!) meaning, it has flames, evil and severe burning.

A Story of Abu Lahab’s Wife harming the Messenger of Allah

(Perish the two hands of Abu Lahab and perish he!) to the end of the Surah. In another narration it states that he stood up dusting of his hands and said, “Perish you for the rest of this day! Have you gathered us for this” Then Allah revealed,

Ibn Abi Hatim said that his father and Abu Zur’ah both said that Abdullah bin Az-Zubayr Al-Humaydi told them that Sufyan informed them that Al-Walid bin Kathir related from Ibn Tadrus who reported that Asma bint Abi Bakr said, “When
<Perish the two hands of Abu Lahab and perish he!>
was revealed, the one eyed Umm Jamil bint Harb came out wailing, and she had a stone in her hand. She was saying, ‘He criticizes our father, and his religion is our scorn, and his command is to disobey us’. The Messenger of Allah S.A.S was sitting in the Masjid of Ka’bah and Abu Bakr was with him. When Abu Bakr saw her he said, ‘O Messenger of Allah! She is coming and I fear that she will see you.’ The Messenger of Allah S.A.S replied,
<<Verily. she will not see me>>
Then he recited some of the Quran as a protection for himself. This is as Allah says
<And when you recite the Quran. We put between you and those who believe not in the hereafter, an invisible veil> (17:45) .
So she advanced until she was standing infront of Abu Bakr and she did not see the Messenger of Allah S.A.S, she then said, ‘O Abu Bakr! Verily, I have heard that your friend os making defamatory poetry about me.’ Abu Bakr replied, ‘Nay! By the Lord of House, he is not defaming you’. So she turned away saying, ‘Indeed the Quraysh know that I am the daughter of their leader.’

Source : Tafsir by Ibn Kathir

P.S: This is in reference to the last hadith posted by me, It has been brought to my notice that the hadith posted isnt an authentic one. I sincerely apologise to you all, and even assure you that everything except that hadith is authentic and will remain the same in future inshallah. May Allah forgive my mistake.

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8 Responses to "Surah Tabbat"

this is one of my fev Surah, thx for posting

You are always welcome Amina

thanx for the good translation..hope 2 get more stories which related 2 ths Surah.

salam
plz check Ayat No there is mistake in it .its “SAYASLA” not “SALA” plz correct it may Allah forgive ur mistake

salam
plz check Ayat No 3 there is mistake in it .its “SAYASLA” not “SALA” plz correct it may Allah forgive ur mistake

@ Adnan .. Jazakallah for pointing it out. I have made the required change.

thnaks but there is one more mistake here in Ayat # 1
there is “shad” on “wao” and then “zabar” on it.i dono where u from if u know urdu then ithink u’ll understand wat is “shad ” if u dont then the sign on the word “Tub” in Ayat #1 under the “zabar” plz check Quranic Ayats b4 post

one thing more a “Jazam” on “noon” in ayat #5

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